Brain surgery is a very serious surgery. After brain surgery it will take some time for the patient to return to normal function and activities. A patient may take a while to return to their normal energy levels as well. The most important thing a patient can do is rest. The post-op care is going to be very different patient to patient, but one thing that remains the same is each patient should be getting adequate rest. There are a few things that will affect the post-op care and instructions. It depends on the type of surgery the patient had, their age and health, where the tumor was located, and if there was or how much of the brain was affected by surgery.
After brain surgery the patient will stay in the hospital 1-7 days, depending on the type of surgery and how they are responding after the surgery. While you are still in the hospital under care the nurses and/or doctors will give you a list of instructions and medication to take home with you. Make sure to ask any and all questions so you are confident going home. After the surgery is complete, once the doctors have assessed your health, you will be able to reunite with your family. The doctors and nurses will go over important information with your family about the patients at home care. The doctors and nurses will give them instructions on the patients care and any red flags to keep an eye out for in the patient.
While the patient is still in the hospital recovering, they may meet with a team of rehabilitation specialists. This will help the patient with any behavior or thought process problems they may be experiencing. If a patient is having difficulty speaking they may see a speech language pathologist. A speech language pathologist can also help with any swallowing issues the patient may have. A physical therapist will help a patient with any walking or balancing issues they may have. This will be very important to do while they are in the hospital too before being discharged. They will want to make sure the patient can walk and climb the stairs. An occupational therapist can help a patient with their day to day activities such as getting dressed in the morning. They will also help to make sure the patient is ok to drive safely and return to work. Once the patient is released from the hospital may need to enter a rehabilitation facility to continue with some of these rehabilitation specialists.
When the patient returns home it is important to keep an eye out for any red flags. If the patient has any seizures or has trouble breathing, contact 911 immediately. The patient or caretaker should contact their doctor if he has trouble remembering things, nauseous, trouble walking, faint, difficulty talking, issues controlling bowel movements or urination, has more headaches than usual, major changes in mood or personality, sensitive to light, stiff neck, or has difficulty seeing or hearing.